TINA-TI


TINA-TI est un logiciel de simulation, téléchargeable gratuitement sur le site de Texas Instruments.

http://www.ti.com/tool/tina-ti

Un logiciel très puissant et simple d’utilisation

Une doc de 10 pages seulement :yes!:

http://www.ti.com/lit/ug/sbou052a/sbou052a.pdf

Pour vérifier un schéma ou des valeurs de composants , pour voir la courbe de réponse d’un circuit, pour tester un composant équivalent , circuits passifs, actifs, avec transistors des amplis OPs ou à tube ( mais pas tous , à moins de compléter ).

Application Schematic categories include:

Amplifiers and Linear Circuits
Audio (Audio Op Amp Filters, Microphone Pre-Amplifiers)
Cap Load Comp (C-oad Compensation, Line Driver)
Comparator (Comparator Circuits)
Control Loop (PI Temp Control)
Current Loop (4-20mA, 0-10mA)
Current Measurement (Current Transformer, Shunt Measure)
Difference Amps (Difference Amplifiers) Differential to Single-Ended (Differential Input to Single-Ended Output, Single-Ended Input to Differential Output, etc)
Filters FilterPro (Multiple FeedBack, Sallen-Key: synthesized by FilterPro)
Filters Others (All-Pass, Low-Pass, High-Pass, Tunable, Twin-Tee)
Oscillators (Wien-Bridge)
Power Amps (Laser Driver, TEC Driver, Parallel Power, LED Drivers, Photodiode Driver)
Precision (Low Drift, Low Noise, Low Offset, Voltage Divider)
Sensor Condition (Thermistor, Resistive Bridge, Capacitive Bridge, Inst Amp Filter)
Signal Process (Peak Detector, Clipping Amplifier)
Single Supply (Single Supply Op Amp Circuits)
Test (Cap Multiplier, Adjust Voltage Reference, Universal Integrator, Load Cancellation, x1000 Zoom Amp, Quasi-Coupled AC Amp)
Transimpedance (Photodiode, Optical Detector)
Voltage-to-Current (Voltage to Current, Current to Current)
Wideband (Wideband Op Amp Circuits)
SMPS (Switched Mode Power Supplies)
Reference Designs from device evaluation modules (EVMs) for SMPS Devices

The following files are NOT currently included in the « Examples » folder of TINA-TI, but can be downloaded from the links below:
Noise Analysis
Noise Sources
Sensor Simulators
RTD Simulator

Logiciel téléchargeable gratuitement chez Texas Instruments.

Logiciel élaboré par Design Soft

Simulation Spice avec TINA

TINA utilise des algorithmes évolués et des modèles entièrement compatibles avec le Spice 3F5 Berkeley et bien d’autres logiciels basés sur Spice.

Ceci permet une prise en main efficace des modèles de circuit du fabricant, qui sont directement disponibles dans les composants graphiques de TINA.

TINA est doté de vastes bibliotheques contenant des modèles de Spice créés par des fabricants de semiconducteurs, tels que Analog Devices, Texas Instruments, National Semiconductors et bien d’autres.

    Vous pouvez ajouter plus de modèles à ces bibliothèques en utilisant le gestionnaire de bibliothèques intelligent de TINA, que vous ayez obtenu ces modèles d’un CD du fabricant, que vous les ayez téléchargé de l’Internet ou créé vous même.

http://www.tina.com/French/tina/start.php?page=035

Exemple d’utilisation concrète :

Vérification du schéma et du fonctionnement du filtre un peu particulier d’un [b]crossover[/b] [url]http://www.audiovintage.fr/leforum/viewtopic.php?f=88&t=16705[/url]

1 réalisation du schéma

Tina TI Schéma complet

Tina TI Schéma complet du filtre State Variable Filter

Tina TI Schema

Tina TI

Pour avoir des mesures et courbes en divers points du montage , il suffit de mettre des voltmètres sur ces points ( ou des ampèremètres).

2 Analyse AC Fonction de transfert

Tina TI Passe Bande

Tina TI Passe Bande

Tina TI Courbe de réponse atténuation

Tina TI Courbe de réponse atténuation

Tina TI Déphasage

Tina TI Déphasage

et des appareils de labo

[img]https://passionhifivintage.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/tina-ti_appareils_labo.jpg?w=800[/img]

Pour le multimètre, on prend la sonde avec la souris sur un bouton de l’appareil, et on la pose sur le points à mesurer.

J ‘ai rentré le schéma de mon ampli SU 3400, sous une forme plus théorique (moins embrouillée que le schéma réel )

Schéma carte ampli SU3400

ajouté une source AC, et le logiciel nous calcule la valeur des tensions en DC sur les nœuds du montage,ainsi que les valeurs AC, mais aussi des courants dans un tableau.

Tout est exportable, schémas, mesures et courbes.

Pour les transistors, ils existent en schéma sur TINA-TI, mais il n’ y a aucune caractéristique, ni paramètre, ni modèle.

Ce serait très utile pour choisir et vérifier des transistors de remplacement.

Il faut donc aller à la pêche aux Spices models, sur les sites des fabricants de transistors.

Il existe plusieurs types de modélisation pour les transistors :

Un exemple de Spice Model d’un transistor Q2N2222 pris dans un autre logiciel de simulation PSpice, logiciel que j’ai trouvé plus compliqué à utiliser..

http://www.ee.nmt.edu/~rison/ee321_fall02/Tutorial.html

This is the type of file Spice needs – it shows that Q1 is a 2N2222 transistor, and its collector is connected to Node 2, its base to Node 1, and its emitter to Node 3.

Later on in the output file we find the specifications for the 2N2222 transistor:

Q2N2222

NPN

IS 14.340000E-15

BF 255.9

NF 1

VAF 74.03

IKF .2847

ISE 14.340000E-15

NE 1.307

BR 6.092

NR 1

RB 10

RC 1

CJE 22.010000E-12

MJE .377

CJC 7.306000E-12

MJC .3416

TF 411.100000E-12

XTF 3

VTF 1.7

ITF .6

TR 46.910000E-09

XTB 1.5

CN 2.42

D .87

The standard Spice model assumes the 2N2222 has a b of 255.9. You can edit the transistor model if you want to use a different value of b.

J ‘ai pu télécharger des modèles Spice de transistors d’autres fabricants On et Philips.

http://www.emwonder.com/spicemodels/

Ce sont des fichiers texte avec l’extension.lib

* Library of PHILIPS RF bipolar transistors
* $Revision: 1.1 $
* $Author: HIRASUNA $
* $Date: 06 Jul 2001 10:10:36 $
*
*—————————————————————
*
* This data is intended for use by customers in the design of electrical
* circuits using PHILIPS semiconductors. The usual care has been taken,
* first, in generating the data, and second, in transcribing into the
* data disk. However, no responsibility for inaccuracies can be assumed
* by PHILIPS. PHILIPS does not assume any liability arising out of the
* use of the data or circuits built therefrom; neither does it convey any
* license under its patent rights nor the rights of others.
*
* PHILIPS reserves the right to make changes without further notice to
* any product described in the part herein to improve reliability,
* function or design.
*
* Philips Semiconductors
* Business Group Transistors & Diodes
* attention: Mr. P. Swinkels
* Building BY 3.014
* Gerstweg 2
* 6534 AE Nijmegen
* The Netherlands
* Fax: +31-24-3532901* BF547 SPICE MODEL
*
*——————————————————————-
*$
*
* PHILIPS SEMICONDUCTORS
* Date : September 1995
*
* PACKAGE : SOT23 DIE MODEL : BF547
* 1: COLLECTOR; 2: BASE; 3: EMITTER;
.SUBCKT BF547/PLP 1 2 3
Q1 6 5 7 7 BF547
* SOT23 parasitic model
Lb 4 5 .4n
Le 7 8 .83n
L1 2 4 .35n
L2 1 6 .17n
L3 3 8 .35n
Ccb 4 6 71f
Cbe 4 8 71f
*
* PHILIPS SEMICONDUCTORS Version: 1.0
* Filename: BF547.PRM Date: March 1992
*
.MODEL BF547 NPN
+ IS = 2.89100E-016
+ BF = 9.42900E+001
+ NF = 9.89200E-001
+ VAF = 9.00000E+001
+ IKF = 1.58600E-001
+ ISE = 4.26600E-016
+ NE = 1.49100E+000
+ BR = 1.23200E+001
+ NR = 9.89400E-001
+ VAR = 1.93900E+001
+ IKR = 2.47500E-002
+ ISC = 2.49700E-014
+ NC = 1.20000E+000
+ RB = 5.00000E+001
+ IRB = 1.00000E-006
+ RBM = 5.00000E+001
+ RE = 5.00000E-001
+ RC = 1.30900E+000
+ EG = 1.11000E+000
+ XTI = 3.00000E+000
+ CJE = 1.07100E-012
+ VJE = 7.27300E-001
+ MJE = 3.32100E-001
+ TF = 9.29800E-011
+ XTF = 4.38900E+001
+ VTF = 1.81300E+000
+ ITF = 1.43900E-001
+ CJC = 1.16700E-012
+ VJC = 4.89000E-001
+ MJC = 2.52700E-001
.ENDS
*
*$
*—————————————————————————
*
* BF547W SPICE MODEL
* PHILIPS SEMICONDUCTORS
* Date : September 1995
*
* PACKAGE : SOT323 DIE MODEL : BF547
* 1: COLLECTOR; 2: BASE; 3: EMITTER
.SUBCKT BF547W/PLP 1 2 3
Q1 6 5 7 7 BF547
* SOT323 parasitic model
Lb 4 5 .6n
Le 7 8 .6n
L1 2 4 .34n
L2 1 6 .1n
L3 3 8 .34n
Ccb 4 6 100f
Cbe 4 8 2f
*
* PHILIPS SEMICONDUCTORS Version: 1.0
* Filename: BF547.PRM Date: March 1992
*
.MODEL BF547 NPN
+ IS = 2.89100E-016
+ BF = 9.42900E+001
+ NF = 9.89200E-001
+ VAF = 9.00000E+001
+ IKF = 1.58600E-001
+ ISE = 4.26600E-016
+ NE = 1.49100E+000
+ BR = 1.23200E+001
+ NR = 9.89400E-001
+ VAR = 1.93900E+001
+ IKR = 2.47500E-002
+ ISC = 2.49700E-014
+ NC = 1.20000E+000
+ RB = 5.00000E+001
+ IRB = 1.00000E-006
+ RBM = 5.00000E+001
+ RE = 5.00000E-001
+ RC = 1.30900E+000
+ EG = 1.11000E+000
+ XTI = 3.00000E+000
+ CJE = 1.07100E-012
+ VJE = 7.27300E-001
+ MJE = 3.32100E-001
+ TF = 9.29800E-011
+ XTF = 4.38900E+001
+ VTF = 1.81300E+000
+ ITF = 1.43900E-001
+ CJC = 1.16700E-012
+ VJC = 4.89000E-001
+ MJC = 2.52700E-001
.ENDS
*
*$
*—————————————————————-

Pour ONsemi :

* Library of ON Semiconductor Bipolar Models

* $Revision: 1.0 $
* $Author: HIRASUNA $
* $Date: 20 Jul 2001 18:37:58 $

*—————————————————————————
*ON Semiconductor reserves the right to make changes without further
*notice to any products herein to improve reliability, function or
*design. ON Semiconductor does not assume any liability arising out of the
*application or use of any product or circuit described herein;
*neither does it convey any license under its patent rights nor the
*rights of others. ON Semiconductor products are not authorized for use as
*components in life support devices or systems intended for
*surgical implant into the body or intended to support or sustain
*life. Buyer agrees to notify ON Semiconductor of any such intended end
*use whereupon ON Semiconductor shall determine availability and suitability
*or its product or products for the use intended. ON Semiconductor is a
*registered trademark of ON Semiconductor, Inc. ON Semiconductor, Inc. is
* an Equal Employment Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.
****************************************************
.SUBCKT 2n3904d/ON 1 2 3
**************************************
* Model Generated by MODPEX *
*Copyright(c) Symmetry Design Systems*
* All Rights Reserved *
* UNPUBLISHED LICENSED SOFTWARE *
* Contains Proprietary Information *
* Which is The Property of *
* SYMMETRY OR ITS LICENSORS *
*Commercial Use or Resale Restricted *
* by Symmetry License Agreement *
**************************************
* Model generated on Jan 18, 01
* MODEL FORMAT: PSpice
* Darlington macro model
* External node designations
* Node 1 -> Collect
* Node 2 -> Base
* Node 3 -> Emitter
Q1 1 2 4 qmodel
Q2 1 4 3 q1model 1
D1 3 1 dmodel
R1 2 4 1e+06
R2 4 3 470
* Default values used in dmodel
* EG=1.11 TT=0 BV=infinite
.MODEL dmodel d
+IS=1e-12 RS=0 N=0.670528 XTI=2.67053
+CJO=0 VJ=0.75 M=0.33 FC=0.5
.MODEL qmodel npn
+IS=2.51158e-12 BF=174.301 NF=1.2 VAF=30
+IKF=0.0570255 ISE=4.25624e-13 NE=1.63826 BR=0.675632
+NR=1.33928 VAR=10 IKR=0.096821 ISC=4.25624e-13
+NC=1.26838 RB=5.08906 IRB=0.1 RBM=5.08906
+RE=0.304971 RC=1.52485 XTB=0 XTI=2.21082 EG=1.05
+CJE=3.53042e-11 VJE=0.698981 MJE=0.329231 TF=1e-09
+XTF=1 VTF=10 ITF=0.01 CJC=1.43472e-11
+VJC=0.4 MJC=0.288078 XCJC=0.9 FC=0.5
+TR=1e-07 PTF=0 KF=0 AF=1
.MODEL q1model npn
+IS=2.51158e-12 BF=174.301 NF=1.2 VAF=30
+IKF=0.0570255 ISE=4.25624e-13 NE=1.63826 BR=0.675632
+NR=1.33928 VAR=10 IKR=0.096821 ISC=4.25624e-13
+NC=1.26838 RB=5.08906 IRB=0.1 RBM=5.08906
+RE=0.304971 RC=1.52485 XTB=0 XTI=2.21082 EG=1.05
+CJE=3.53042e-11 VJE=0.698981 MJE=0.329231 TF=1e-09
+XTF=1 VTF=10 ITF=0.01 CJC=0
+VJC=0.4 MJC=0.288078 XCJC=0.9 FC=0.5
+TR=1e-07 PTF=0 KF=0 AF=1
.ENDS
*$

Pour ONSemi, c’est un Pspice, un peu différent, mais on retrouve les mêmes paramètres.

http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/supportDoc.do?type=models&category=797

Pour les appareils Vintage dont les transistors ne sont plus fabriqués, on ne retrouvera donc pas les Spice Models de ces composants, mais si on a le datasheet on peut le créer, en remplissant tous ces paramètres IS, BF, NF, etc…

Ca permettra surtout de tester un transistor équivalent de remplacement.

Chez ON Semi, je suis particulièrement intéressée par les Modèles Audio Puissance MJ appairés , puissance et driver.

http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/parametrics.do?id=796

**************************************
* Model Generated by MODPEX *
*Copyright(c) Symmetry Design Systems*
* All Rights Reserved *
* UNPUBLISHED LICENSED SOFTWARE *
* Contains Proprietary Information *
* Which is The Property of *
* SYMMETRY OR ITS LICENSORS *
* Modeling services provided by *
* Interface Technologies http://www.i-t.com *
**************************************
.MODEL Qmjl21195 pnp
+IS=6.37655e-11 BF=90.2752 NF=1.18734 VAF=1000
+IKF=7.83841 ISE=9.34273e-13 NE=1.83109 BR=1.25494
+NR=1.28898 VAR=421.175 IKR=2.13448 ISC=9.34142e-13
+NC=3.03125 RB=8.06406 IRB=0.11862 RBM=1.99921
+RE=0.000831111 RC=0.0813241 XTB=1.34369 XTI=1.05543
+EG=1.05487 CJE=1.11548e-08 VJE=0.665374 MJE=0.425135
+TF=1e-08 XTF=2.24249 VTF=78.5103 ITF=2.77166
+CJC=5e-10 VJC=0.95 MJC=0.23 XCJC=0.614127
+FC=0.986555 CJS=0 VJS=0.75 MJS=0.5
+TR=1e-07 PTF=0 KF=0 AF=1
* Model generated on Jan 25, 2004
* Model format: PSpice

On trouve aussi d’autres formats Spicepour d’autres logiciels, mais les paramètres sont les mêmes.
**************************************
* Model Generated by MODPEX *
*Copyright(c) Symmetry Design Systems*
* All Rights Reserved *
* UNPUBLISHED LICENSED SOFTWARE *
* Contains Proprietary Information *
* Which is The Property of *
* SYMMETRY OR ITS LICENSORS *
* Modeling services provided by *
* Interface Technologies http://www.i-t.com *
**************************************
.MODEL Qmjl21195 pnp
+IS=6.37655e-11 BF=90.2752 NF=1.18734 VAF=1000
+IKF=7.83841 ISE=9.34273e-13 NE=1.83109 BR=1.25494
+NR=1.28898 VAR=421.175 IKR=2.13448 ISC=9.34142e-13
+NC=3.03125 RB=8.06406 IRB=0.11862 RBM=1.99921
+RE=0.000831111 RC=0.0813241 XTB=1.34369 XTI=1.05543
+EG=1.05487 CJE=1.11548e-08 VJE=0.665374 MJE=0.425135
+TF=1e-08 XTF=2.24249 VTF=78.5103 ITF=2.77166
+CJC=5e-10 VJC=0.95 MJC=0.23 XCJC=0.614127
+FC=0.986555 CJS=0 VJS=0.75 MJS=0.5
+TR=1e-07 PTF=0 KF=0 AF=1
* Model generated on Jan 25, 2004
* Model format: SPICE2

A quoi correspondent ces paramètres ?

Pour l’instant en allemand pour les diodes et transistors.:

Paramètres  Spice Model Transistors Bipolaires.

http://web.fhnw.ch/personenseiten/richard.schorpp/Dateien/PSpice-Parameter_V1.pdf

PARAMETRES : ( à compléter après traduction )

+ IS =
+ BF =
+ NF =
+ VAF =
+ IKF =
+ ISE =
+ NE =
+ BR =
+ NR =
+ VAR =
+ IKR =
+ ISC =
+ NC =
+ RB =
+ IRB =
+ RBM =
+ RE =
+ RC =
+ EG =
+ XTI =
+ CJE =
+ VJE =
+ MJE =
+ TF =
+ XTF =
+ VTF =
+ ITF =
+ CJC =
+ VJC =
+ MJC =

5.6.3. SPICE model
Next Subsection

The SPICE model of a bipolar transistor includes a variety of parasitic circuit elements and some process related parameters in addition to the elements previously discussed in this chapter. The syntax of a bipolar transistor incorporates the parameters a circuit designer can change as shown below:

BJT syntax

Q []

+ []

.MODEL NPN(BF= BR= IS= CJE=

+ CJC= VJE= VJC= VAF= VAR=

+ NF= NR=)

BJT Parameters

BF Forward active current gain

BR Reverse active current gain

IS Transport saturation current

CJE Base-emitter zero-bias junction capacitance

CJC Base-collector zero-bias Junction capacitance

VJE Base-emitter built-in potential

VJC Base-collector built-in potential

VAF Forward mode Early voltage

VAR Reverse mode Early voltage

NF Forward mode ideality factor

NR Reverse mode ideality factor

http://ecee.colorado.edu/~bart/book/book/chapter5/ch5_6.htm

Comment intégrer de nouveaux Spice Models ?

Il ne suffit pas de les coller dans le répertoire lib du répertoire ….\DesignSoft\Tina9\SpiceLib

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